Piecing: giving pieces of the information for each individual subject in each paragraph—arranging the information by topic rather than by subject. We encourage the educational use of the OWL.
What Is a Compare and Contrast Essay?
Note the differences and similarities between them. Ask yourself these important questions before you begin writing your draft: Does my instructor want me to compare AND contrast, or am I only being asked to do one of those things? Does my instructor want me to compare AND contrast, or am I only being asked to do one of those things?
For example: We all know that horses are larger than cats. We also know that basketball teams contain less players than football teams. Tell us something we don't know or might not notice! To compare is to examine how things are similar, while to contrast is to see how they differ. A compare and contrast essay therefore looks at the similarities of two or more objects, and the differences. This essay type is common at university, where lecturers frequently test your understanding by asking you to compare and contrast two theories, two methods, two historical periods, two characters in a novel, etc.
Sometimes the whole essay will compare and contrast, though sometimes the comparison or contrast may be only part of the essay. It is also possible, especially for short exam essays, that only the similarities or the differences, not both, will be discussed. See the examples below. There are two main ways to structure a compare and contrast essay, namely using a block or a point-by-point structure. This type of structure is similar to the block structure used for cause and effect and problem-solution essays. For the point-by-point structure, each similarity or difference for one object is followed immediately by the similarity or difference for the other.
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Both types of structure have their merits. The two types of structure, block and point-by-point , are shown in the diagram below. Compare and contrast structure words are transition signals which show the similarities or differences. Below are some common examples. When making comparisons or contrasts, it is important to be clear what criteria you are using.
Study the following example, which contrasts two people. Here the criteria are unclear. Although this sentence has a contrast transition , the criteria for contrasting are not the same. The criteria used for Aaron are height tall and strength strong.
How to Write a Compare and Contrast Essay
We would expect similar criteria to be used for Bruce maybe he is short and weak , but instead we have new criteria, namely appearance handsome and intelligence intelligent. This is a common mistake for students when writing this type of paragraph or essay. Compare the following, which has much clearer criteria contrast structure words shown in bold. Below is a compare and contrast essay.
How to Write a Compare and Contrast Essay?
This essay uses the point-by-point structure. Click on the different areas in the shaded boxes to the right to highlight the different structural aspects in this essay, i.
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- How to Write a Compare and Contrast Thesis Statement?
This will highlight not simply the paragraphs, but also the thesis statement and summary , as these repeat the comparisons and contrasts contained in the main body. Title: There have been many advances in technology over the past fifty years. These have revolutionised the way we communicate with people who are far away. Compare and contrast methods of communication used today with those which were used in the past. Before the advent of computers and modern technology, people communicating over long distances used traditional means such as letters and the telephone.
Nowadays we have a vast array of communication tools which can complete this task, ranging from email to instant messaging and video calls.
While the present and previous means of communication are similar in their general form , they differ in regard to their speed and the range of tools available. One similarity between current and previous methods of communication relates to the form of communication. In the past, both written forms such as letters were frequently used, in addition to oral forms such as telephone calls. Similarly , people nowadays use both of these forms. Just as in the past, written forms of communication are prevalent, for example via email and text messaging. In addition, oral forms are still used, including the telephone, mobile phone, and voice messages via instant messaging services.
However , there are clearly many differences in the way we communicate over long distances, the most notable of which is speed. This is most evident in relation to written forms of communication. In the past, letters would take days to arrive at their destination. In contrast , an email arrives almost instantaneously and can be read seconds after it was sent. In the past, if it was necessary to send a short message, for example at work, a memo could be passed around the office, which would take some time to circulate.
Tricks for Writing Compare and Contrast Essay Outline - dytamacike.gq
This is different from the current situation, in which a text message can be sent immediately. Another significant difference is the range of communication methods. Fifty years ago, the tools available for communicating over long distances were primarily the telephone and the letter. By comparison , there are a vast array of communication methods available today. These include not only the telephone, letter, email and text messages already mentioned, but also video conferences via software such as Skype or mobile phone apps such as WeChat, and social media such as Facebook and Twitter.